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Description of the work


Jean Baptiste Jacques AUGUSTIN (Saint-Dié, 1759-Paris, 1832) Louis XVIII, king of France. Octogonal miniature portrait painted with watercolor and gouache, unsigned. Louis XVIII (1755–1824), King of France and Navarre (1814-1824), wearing blue double-breasted coat with gold epaulettes, breast star of the Order of Saint-Esprit, breast star and badge of The Order of St. Lazarus and Our Lady of Mount Carmel and the badge of The Royal French Order of Saint-Louis suspended from a red ribbon, white waistcoat, stock and chemise, his cropped hair powdered. Good general condition, slight restorations. In an 18k gold frame with an openwork border set with cut sapphires alternating with simple and old brilliant-cut diamonds. Preserved in a rectangular red leather case inscribed "Augustin" on the lid, interior in silk and shaped silk velvet. Several collection labels. H. 6.3 x W. 6.3 cm (2 7/16 in). Frame: L. 8.5 cm. Gross weight: 55.0g. Provenance - Property of the artist. - His wife Pauline Augustin, born Ducruet (1781-1865). -  By bequest in 1865 to his niece Justine Henriette Cornut de La Fountaine de Coincy (1810-1898). - The Collection of J. Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913), New-York, since 1906. - His Sale, Christie's, London, 24 June 1935, lot 753. - The Collection of the Hon. Lady Shelley-Rolls. - Her Sale, Christie's, London, 13 February 1962, lot 85. - Christie's, London, 2 April 1968, lot 45. - Christie's, London, 22 October 1974, lot 40. - The Collection of Richard Allen, London. - His Sale, Bonham's, The Richard Allen Collection of Fine Portrait Miniatures, London, Knightsbridge, 21 May 2014, lot 55. - Private collection, France. Literature - Dr G. C. Williamson, Catalogue of the Collection of Miniatures: The Property of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1908, Vol. IV, pp. 119-133, n° 705, ill. pl. CCLV (n° 3). - Bernd Pappe, Jean-Baptiste Jacques Augustin. Peintre en miniature, Saint-Dié-des-Vosges, Musée Pierre-Noël, 17 avril-20 juin 2010, p. 22, note 110. - Bernd Pappe, Jean-Baptiste Jacques AugustinUne nouvelle excellence dans l'art du portrait en miniature, Scripta Edizioni, 2015, pp. 54-55, cat. 1120 p. 354 (illustrated with another frame). History As he did for Napoleon, Augustin produced countless miniature portraits of Louis XVIII. Unlike his predecessor, the King poses in front of his artist. The first work dates from 1814, the last from 1822. Most are oval in shape, but the artist kept in his studio an unfinished round version and our octagonal version, which was to serve as his model. The official miniature of the King is simple in design and the pose used remains conventional, but the commander nevertheless appreciated the brilliance of the colors, the richness of the details, and the sober and sovereign expression. Thus in 1819, Louis XVIII appointed Augustin 'peintre en miniature et en émail de la chambre et du cabinet du roi' and 'premier peintre en miniature' in 1824. The artist had been made a Knight of the Legion d'Honneur three years earlier in 1821. Upon Augustin's death from cholera in 1832, his Estate passed to his widow, Magdeleine Pauline Ducruet, who organised the sale of the Estate including Augustin's miniatures, the majority of which Magdeleine appears to have purchased for herself. The sale took place at the couple's home between 19-21 December 1839. Upon her death in 1862 and in the absence of any children of her own, Magdeleine left Augustin's studio to her niece, Justine Henriette de Bouhébent and the miniatures she acquired at the 1839 sale were divided between her nephews, Augustus, Alfred and Léon Cornut de la Fountaine de Coincy. Léon sold his share of the collection to J. Pierpont Morgan in 1906 and it is therefore very likely that the present lot featured in this acquisition (see N. Lemoine-Bouchard, Les Peintres en Miniature 2008, pp.57-58 and B. Pappe, Jean-Baptiste Jacques Augustin Peintre en miniature, 2010, pp.23-24). The present lot was engraved by Fornel and Lignon and the corresponding plate was sold at Augustin's sale on 21 December 1839 (lot 161). Related works - A reduced oval version signed by Augustin is held by the Musée du Louvre (inv. n° 145) (see P. Jean-Richard, Inventaire des Miniatures sur Ivoire Conservées au Cabinet des Dessins Musée du Louvre et Musée d'Orsay, 1994, p. 43, ill. n° 34). - A three-quarter length oval version signed and dated 1815 was gifted by Louis XVIII to the Duc de La Châtre and, by direct descent, now forms part of a private collection (N. Lemoine-Bouchard, ibid, 2008, ill.p.62, pl. k). A number of other variants of the present model exist, including an enamelled version, signed and dated 1822, which is held by the Cleveland Museum of Art (inv. n° 1940.1201).

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paris, France
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Jean Baptiste Augustin, Portrait of King Louis XVIII Miniature portrait as bust of the French King of the Restoration Louis Stanislas-Xavier de France, Comte de Provence (1755 Versailles to 1824 Paris) and brother of King Louis XVI, executed in 1793, who was proclaimed King Louis XVIII after the fall of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1814. King of France and Navarre (1814-1824), depiction of the monarch in a blue military coat with golden epaulettes with the large silver breast star of the Ordre du Saint-Esprit awarded to him on 2 February 1767 by his brother Louis XVI (1754-1793).: Order of the Holy Spirit] above the breast star of the Order of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, on the lapel on a red ribbon hangs the Cross of Saint Louis and below on a green ribbon the Star of Saint Lazarus, although the orders were abolished during the revolutionary years, Louis XVIII tried to reactivate them and deliberately appeared with these decorations - after all, they mark the sitter as a royal descent and monarch, the present official portrait of the French king was created by his personal miniature court painter in larger numbers in tempera on ivory and as enamel miniature, these pictures often served as courtly representational gifts, finest miniature painting in high oval, finest gouache on plate, signed and dated "Augustin 1818" on the left, restored, framed behind glass and brass ring in black lacquered wooden plate, folding dimensions approx. 5 x 3,5 cm. Artist's info: actually Jean-Baptiste Jacques Augustin, French portrait and miniature painter. Portrait and miniature painter (1759 Saint-Dié-des Vosges until 1832 Paris), from 1780 first lessons with Jean-Baptiste Claudot (1733-1805), later pupil of Jean Girardet (1709-1781) in Nancy, 1781 probably temporarily pupil of his brother Georges Nicolas Toussaint Augustin - called Augustin Dubourg - in Dijon, largely self-taught, 1781 moved to Paris, here active as one of the most important miniature painters of his time, 1805 gold medal of the Paris Salon, 1814 appointed by King Louis XVIII as peintre ordinaire du Peintre ordinaire du Paris. 1814 appointment by King Louis XVIII. as Peintre ordinaire du Cabinet du Roi [Court Painter], later promotion to Peintre des Affaires Etrangères and 1819 appointment as Premier peintre en miniature de la Chambre et du Cabinet du Roi [First Miniature Painter of the Royal Chamber and Cabinet], 1820 stay in London, 1821 appointment as Knight of the Legion of Honour, from 1824 also served under King Kark X. as the first miniature court painter at the Parisian court, ran a drawing school in Paris, 1832 illness from cholera, Source: Thieme-Becker, AKL, Saur "Bio-Bibliographisches Künstlerlexikon", Bénézit and Wikipedia.